Joao Costa

Assistant Professor
Instruction
Research

jhcardosocosta@gmail.com
Phone (859) 257-7540

404 W. P. Garrigus
Lexington KY 40546-0215

Education

2012 – 2015 
Doctor of Philosophy in Animal Science
University of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver, BC, Canada

2010 – 2012
Master of Science in Agroecossystems
Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianopolis, SC, Brazil

2004 – 2009
Bachelor of Science in Agronomy/ Agricultural Engineering
Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianopolis, SC, Brazil

 

Research Focus

  • Management of group-housed calves 
  • Development of feeding behavior in calves
  • Nutrition of calves and heifers
    Specifically enhanced milk feeding programs and the development of weaning strategies to minimize stress 
  • Temperament of dairy cattle 
  • Precision dairy farming, especially calf nutrition
  • Use of behavioral data for animal selection during farm management decisions

  

Professional Interests

  • Animal welfare and behavior
  • Ethology
  • Dairy cow comfort
  • Precision dairy farming
  • Calves and heifers
  • Weaning
  • Milk feeding strategies
  • Ruminant nutrition
  • Gut development

 

Refereed Journal Articles

Costa, J. H. C., M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, and D. M. Weary. 2016. INVITED REVIEW: Effects of group housing of dairy calves on behavior, cognition, performance and health. J. Dairy Sci. 99: 2453-2467.

Costa, J. H. C., W. G. Costa, D. M. Weary, L. C. P. Machado Filho, and M. A. G. von Keyserlingk. 2016. Confined heifers benefit from having an older experienced cow present when learning how to graze. J. Dairy Sci. 99:562-568.

Costa, J. H. C., R. K. Meagher, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, and D. M. Weary. 2015. Early pair housing increases solid feed intake and weight gains in dairy calves. J. Dairy Sci. 98:6381-6386.

Costa, J. H. C., R. R. Daros, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, and D. M. Weary. 2014. Complex social housing reduces food neophobia in dairy calves. J. Dairy Sci. 97:7804-7810.

Costa, J. H. C., M. J. Hötzel, C. Longo, and L. F. Balcao. 2013. A survey of management practices that influence production and welfare of dairy cattle on family farms in southern Brazil. J. Dairy Sci.  96:307-317.
 
Costa, J. H. C., N. A. Adderley, D. M. Weary, and M. A. G. von Keyserlingk. 2016. Short Communication: Effect of diet changes on sorting behavior of weaned dairy calves. J. Dairy Sci. 99:5635-5639. 
 
K. Rosenberger, Costa, J. H. C., H. W. Neave, D. M. Weary, and M. A. G. von Keyserlingk. The effect of milk allowance on behavior and weight gains in dairy calves. In Press. J. Dairy Sci.
 
Daros, R. R., J. H. C. Costa, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, M. J. Hötzel, and D. M. Weary. 2014. Separation from the dam causes negative judgement bias in dairy calves. PloS one. 9:e98429.
 
Meagher, R. K., R. R. Daros, J. H. C. Costa, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, M. J. Hötzel, and D. M. Weary. 2015. Effects of degree and timing of social housing on reversal learning and response to novel objects in dairy calves.  PLoS one. 10(8):e0132828. 
 
Neave, H.W., R. R. Daros, J. H. C. Costa, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, and D. M. Weary. 2013. Pain and Pessimism: Dairy calves exhibit negative judgement bias following hot-iron disbudding. PLoS one. 8(12):e80556.
 
Balcão, L. F., C. Longo, J. H. C. Costa, C. Uller-Gómez, L. C. P. Machado Filho, and M. J. Hötzel. 2016. Characterization of smallholding dairy farms in southern Brazil. In Press. Anim. Prod. Sci.
 
Hötzel, M. J., C. Longo, L. F. Balcão, C. S. Cardoso, and J. H. C. Costa. 2014. A survey of management practices that influence performance and welfare of dairy calves reared in southern Brazil. PloS one. 9(12):e114995.
 
Martins, C. E. N., S. A. F. Quadros, J. P. P. Trindade, F. L. F. Quadros, J. H. C. Costa, and G. Raduenz. 2009. Shape and function in Braford cows: the body shape as an indicative of performance and temperament. Archivos de Zootecnia. 58:425-433.


Non-referred Publications

Books:

Machado Filho, L. C. P., L. C. P. Machado, G. Tresoldi, D. Menezes, A. G. Lenzi, C. T. Berton, L. G. Rodrigues, and J. H. C. Costa. 2010.  Guia prático para a produção de leite com qualidade ética: Pastoreio racional voisin. (Free translation: Practical guide to the ethical production of milk: Managed intensive rotational grazing) 1 ed., v. 1, p. 32. Florianópolis, SC: ISBN: 9788588050051.


Invited Presentations

Costa, J. H. C. 2016. What have we found? Lameness and skin lesion prevalence in intensive dairies in the Region of Castro. Animal Welfare Seminar. Castro, PR, Brazil.
 
Costa, J. H. C. 2015. Organic livestock practices and animal welfare standards. How do current practices measure up? British Columbia Organic Growers Conference. Chilliwack, BC, Vancouver.
 
Costa, J. H. C., and L. F. Balcão. 2010. Managed intensive rotational grazing: The “Voisin System”. Agronomy Academic Week of UFSM. Frederico Westhphalen, RS, Brazil.
 
Costa, J. H. C., D. E. Hidalgo, and J. Bruch. 2007. Managed intensive rotational grazing: The “Voisin System”. The Brazilian Congress of Agroecology. Guarapari, ES, Brazil.

 

Selected Refereed Conference Abstracts Presented as Oral Presentations

Costa, J. H. C., N. A. Adderley, D. M. Weary, and M. A. G. von Keyserlingk. 2015. Sorting of TMR by dairy calves is affected by availability of an alternative source of grain. In: 2015 JAM (Joint Annual Meeting) - ADSA and ASAS, 2015, Orlando, FL, USA.
 
Costa, J. H. C., R. K. Meagher, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, and D. M. Weary. 2014. Early pair housing influences the feeding behavior and development of dairy calves. In: 2014 JAM (Joint Annual Meeting) - ADSA, ASAS and CSAS, 2014, Kansas City, MO, USA.
 
Costa, J. H. C., R. R. Daros, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, and D. M. Weary. 2014. Food neophobia declines with social housing in dairy calves. In: 48th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE), 2014, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain.
 
Costa, J. H. C., R. R. Daros, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, and D. M. Weary. 2014. Social housing reduces food neophobia in dairy calves. In: Pacific Northwest Animal Nutrition Conference, 2014, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
 
Costa, J. H. C., R. R. Daros, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, and D. M. Weary. 2013. Time spent eating solid feed predicts intake in milk fed dairy calves. In: 47th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE), 2013, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

   

Selected Refereed Conference Abstracts Presented as Poster Presentations

Costa, J. H. C., H. W. Neave, K. Rosenberger, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, D. M. Weary. The effect of milk allowance on performance and starter intake of dairy calves. In: 34th Western Canadian Dairy Seminar, 2016, Red Deer, AB, Canada. 

Costa, J. H. C., N. A. Adderley, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, D. M. Weary. Affiliative relationships within a group of dairy calves. In: 50th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE), 2016, Edinburgh, UK.

Costa, J. H. C., N. A. Adderley, M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, D. M. Weary. Sorting of TMR by dairy calves is affected by availability of an alternative source of grain.. In: 2015 JAM ( Joint Annual Meeting) - ADSA and ASAS, 2015, Orlando, FL, USA.

Costa, J. H. C., W. G. Costa, D. M. Weary, L. C. P. Machado Filho, and M. A. G. von Keyserlingk. 2015. The auntie effect: Presence of an older experienced cow helps heifers learn to graze when introduced to pasture. In: 33rd Western Canadian Dairy Seminar, 2015, Red Deer, AB, Canada.

Costa, J. H. C., M. J. Hötzel, L. C. P. Machado Filho, L. F. Balcão, R. R. Daros, and F. Bertoli. 2011. Assessment of animal welfare on dairy farms in Santa Catarina state, Brazil. In: 5th International Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level, 2011, Guelph, ON, Canada.

Costa, J. H. C., L. F. Balcão, R. R. Daros, F. Bertoli, and M. J. Hötzel. 2011. Handling of painful procedures in dairy calf management in Santa Catarina state, Brazil. In: 45th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology, 2011, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

 

Media Contributions

Costa, J. H. C. 2016. “Best time to pair house calves? It’s simple - as soon as possible!” Progressive Dairyman (Canada and USA editions). November. (Print: Cover article).

Costa, J. H. C. 2015. “Organic livestock practices and animal welfare standards. How do current practices measure up?” British Columbia Organic Growers. March. (Print: Cover article).

Costa, J. H. C., C. Longo, L. F. Balcão, R. R. Daros, C. S. Cardoso, M. J. Hötzel. 2014. “Bem-estar animal em propriedades familiares de Santa Catarina”, Revista Leite Integral. April. (Print).


PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS

2012 – present Founding Member and Executive Committee (Treasurer) Member, Alumni Canadá-Brasil Network.

2009 – present Member, American Dairy Science Association (ADSA).

2009 – present Member, International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE).

2013 – present Member, Canadian Animal Science Association (CSAS).

2013 – present Member, American Animal Science Association (ASAS).


PROFESSIONAL SERVICE

2012 – 2013 Organizing Committee Member, 47th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology.

2015 – present Reviewer, Journal of Dairy Science.

2015 – present Reviewer, Journal of Animal Science.

2015 – present Reviewer, Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition.

2015 – present Reviewer, Animal Welfare.

2016 – present Reviewer, PLoS One.

2016 – present Reviewer, Animals.

2016 – presentReviewer, British Food Journal.

2016 Reviewer, Multidisciplinary Undergraduate Research Conference.

2016 Reviewer, The Land and Food Systems Graduate Student Conference.