Technically there is only one breed of turkeys with several varieties

There are only two species of wild turkeys in the world - the North American and the Ocellated. All the domestic 'breeds' of turkeys originated from the North American wild turkey. The Ocellated turkey is native to the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico.

The turkey is the only type of poultry that was domesticated from wild stocks native to North America. All other domestic poultry originated in other countries and were later brought to the United States.

Tom Turkey - small

Selecting the right turkey variety (University of Kentucky)